Atum Repelling Apep, Serpent of Chaos

My reproduction of a scene from the ancient Egyptian Book of Gates features the creation god Atum repelling the serpent of chaos, Apep (Apophis). It is based on a wall painting from the tomb of Ramesses I in the Valley of the Kings (KV16).

The Book of Gates is a funerary text dating from the New Kingdom. It narrates the passage of a newly deceased soul into the next world, corresponding to the journey of the sun through the underworld during the hours of the night.

During the soul’s journey, they face many dangers and challenges, including attack from the serpent god of chaos and evil, Apep. Atum, a creator god, is shown protecting the deceased from the snake, surrounded by the words from the Third Hour of the Book of Gates:

What Atum has done for Ra

to glorify the god

to overthrow the rebel.

(Spoken by Atum) β€œYou are upside down so you can’t stand

You are bewitched so that you can’t find yourselfMy father has triumphed over you,

I have triumphed against you

I have driven you away on behalf of Ra

I have punished you on behalf of Akhty”

π“Ήπ“π“ˆ–π“οΏ½οΏ½π“ˆ–π“‡³π“€π“€­

What Atum has done for Ra

π“Šƒπ“…œπ“οΏ½οΏ½π“›π“ŠΉπ“€

to glorify the god

π“Šƒπ“π“‚‹π“π“€’ 𓋴𓃀𓐨𓆙

to overthrow the rebel.

 

π“Šƒπ“π“‚§π“‚»π“Ž‘π“‚œπ“π“…±π“…ͺ π“Š’π“‚π“‚»π“Ž‘

(Spoken by Atum) β€œYou are upside down so you can’t stand

π“Ž›π“‚“π“€ π“Ž‘π“‚œπ“π“…±π“… π“π“Ž‘

You are bewitched so that you can’t find yourself

π“™π“Œ³π“‚(π“Š€)𓇋𓏏𓆑 π“€€π“€­π“‚‹π“Ž‘

“my father has triumphed over you,

π“™π“Œ³π“‚οΏ½οΏ½π“€€π“‚‹π“Ž‘

I have triumphed against you

π“‚§π“‚‹π“‚‘π“€€οΏ½οΏ½π“²π“ˆ–π“‚‹π“š

I have driven you away on behalf of Ra

π“Šƒπ“Šƒπ“ƒΉπ“ˆ–π“…ͺπ“€€π“π“…±π“ˆ–π“ˆŒπ“π“­

I have punished you on behalf of Akhty”

 

𓏏𓍃𓐝 =Atum

𓉻π“Šͺπ“Šͺ = Apep or Apophis

π“Šƒπ“Œ‰π“†“π“‡³π“†‘π“Ž‘π“Ž‘π“‡° = he illuminates the darkness

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